Know the spleen


Human spleen
 The spleen has a weight of 150 g / 200 g and is approximately 10/12 centimeter long.
The spleen is located in the left part of the abdomen.
The spleen is part of the immune system and is responsible for the production of white blood cells that in turn fight any inflammation that affects the human body and makes antibodies to the body. The spleen works to purify blood and store platelets.
 The spleen in its composition is similar to the lymph nodes present in the body. It has two types of tissue as well as a solid fibrous casing which is defined as the spleen capsule.
Maicon is a white blood cell known as the white pulp.





There are also cords of tissue containing tissue Laveh which is part of the immune system and is known as the red pulp and also consists of pockets of blood vein.
The red pulp acts as bone marrow, where red blood cells are produced. And that short period of work is automatically stopped after birth.
It disposes of old and damaged blood cells as well as microbes. Red blood cells lose life after a few days, up to four months.
As well as lose the ability to carry oxygen significantly and at this time must be eliminated through a special type of cells. This type is known as the pharyngeal cell. It not only does the process of swallowing the cells, but also swallows all the bodies that work to get the body diseases such as swallowing viruses and bacteria as well as fungi.
 These blood platelets store almost a third of them to be in the form of a supply of the body which is used in case of need.
 Platelets are defined as very small parts of cells that swim in the bloodstream.
 And the bleeding of any wound that may be exposed to the human.

The functions of the white pulp include a blood test.
 White blood cells are also produced and mature in the white pulp containing the cells of the B and T.
 The first cells in turn create antibodies to prevent infection.
While the second cells help identify the bacteria that may infect the body and try to get rid of them.







The spleen affects several diseases including:
 Sickle cell disease: -
A type of anemia is transmitted through the genetics and leads to the destruction of many parts including the spleen. In this disease prevents blood from circulating in the blood vessels.

splenomegaly :-
It may occur as a result of a disease in the liver or a result of viral or leukemia.
Lack of platelets The enlarged spleen stores large amounts of platelets and leads to the presence of a few of them in the bloodstream.
Spleen rupture:
 The rupture causes internal bleeding and is often serious.
 This tear may not appear until after exposure after days.


It is general advice that should be followed and offer to the doctor when these symptoms are eliminated:
Inability to eat or drink water or other liquids.
 The pain does not respond to treatment.
Bleeding.
Increased redness of area with wound or increased wound size.
 Excretion of any wound to the pus.
Nausea or persistent vomiting
Abdominal swelling continues to increase.
 High and sustained temperatures.
 Chills the body.
Shortness of breath and persistent cough.
 Nausea or persistent vomiting.


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