Mental retardation of children




Mental disability in children: -
The term mental retardation has recently been changed with mental disability. This disease is

characterized by severe weakness in the performance of social, cognitive and adaptive functions
 The severity of the disability is determined by the weak adaptive and practical capacities of the child. Physicians have long relied on IQ to determine the severity of mental disability.
It has recently been modified by the child's ability to adapt, learn skills and ability to interact with society at all stages and its ability to take care of oneself. The disability is divided into several types, which are mental retardation, profound mental disability, severe, and also moderate and mild.
The patient's suffering is as follows:
Deficit in intellectual functions such as problem solving, logic, planning, judgment of things and learning new skills.








Deficiency in adaptive functions such as communication and social participation, and the ability of the child to take care of himself and begin symptoms at the stage of growth and development of the child.
 Disability appears in several stages in a child's life, namely stages of understanding and lack of social adjustment,
The child shows a clear mental disability.
 The percentage of mental disability is determined by specific tests for that purpose.
And comes the role of disorders suffered by the sick child

Speech disorders include language or the ability to socialize with others around him.
   Leading to problems in the child's scientific achievement or absorption capacity.
Where the child suffers from the use of language either to lack of vocabulary that he knows, or low ability to make sentences, or weakness in his ability to dialogue with those around him.
A disabled child has a speech impairment where the child can not make sounds.
 And stuttering when speaking and this shows problems in the child's ability to socialize with others.

This means that the disabled child is delayed in the development of knowledge in a specific scientific field.




The child experiences challenges and difficulties in learning skills such as arithmetic, reading and writing, often with children with attention deficit and hyperactivity.
And affects boys more than girls and begins this disorder when the child enters school, and increases as the child progresses and increase what is required of him to perform assignments and skills.
Autism Spectrum Spectrometer:





The affected child appears to be weak in social interactions and weak ability to social communication with the surrounding environment in addition to the conduct of restrictive practices frequent and many and suffers from the disorder of atheistic spectrum of the following:
 Problems in social communication and interaction with those around him so that the child suffers from his inability to conduct dialogue and the formation of sentences and inability to communicate with the eye with others.
And the child's behaviors are frequent and specific, such as frequent applause or other things or movements repeated and unfamiliar.
These behaviors often begin in the early growth stage and impede these symptoms of the child's practical and social life.


تعليقات