Obsessive-compulsive disorder chronic illness





Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a chronic and common condition where the patient feels the urgent need to perform certain behaviors repeatedly and compulsively out of control and will not be able to prevent himself from doing the same behavior and repetition. Frequent thoughts and concerns are reported to the patient. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) consumes this alarm system, as if it stimulates the alarm system by any cause, regardless of its size, as an absolute threat or a serious threat to the patient's life. It must be stimulated only when there are real causes and dangers So, this problem may cause the affected person to affect all aspects of daily life such as normal: study, social relationships, work, and other daily life requirements.
One of the factors that may contribute to the risk of obsessive-compulsive disorder or help in the occurrence of a history of this disorder in a family member, such as parents or grandparents, and exposure to life events that raise tension and stress such as exposure to strong trauma may increase the likelihood of occurrence of this disease where This reaction stimulates different thoughts, behaviors and disorders of OCD,








which may cause it and cause other mental disorders such as depression or drug abuse.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is usually treated either by psychotherapy or through anti-obsessive-compulsive medication or both. Although most patients respond to treatment, some cases persist in the presence of symptoms and their appearance on the patient from time to time. It is important to consider when choosing the treatment of other psychological disorders associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder in the patient and more importantly a good diagnosis of the disease.
Drug therapy:
 Some medications, called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, are used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. These drugs are classified as antidepressants, but not all antidepressants are effective in treating the disease. The mechanism of treatment and control of OCD has not been determined, but rather affects the presence of serotonin in the brain Where the process of communication between the nerves in the brain is different in cases where serotonin is not present enough. In some cases, depression may occur as a result of obsessive-compulsive disorder. In these




cases, both cases are treated with the same medication. It is important for the patient to know that these medications are not taken only when feeling stressed. They should be taken daily and regularly according to instructions and schedule. But 50% of the patients stop taking the drug either because of side effects or for other reasons. It is true that if the patient has the side effects of the drug, he should inform the doctor to find a solution such as changing the dose or type of medication. A large number of patients respond to treatment.
Psychotherapy :-
 The most effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder is the treatment of exposure and the prevention of response, where the part of the exposure to thoughts or situations that cause concern and stimulate the onset of concerns in the person affected, and to prevent the response It is a complete choice not to act compulsive when stimulating anxiety or obsession for some reason, and is done under the supervision of a doctor at the beginning so that the person can exercise on this treatment himself to control the symptoms. This treatment is a kind of challenge to the person to cope with what is happening with the changes It is very important that the patient undertakes and is committed not to surrender and return to compulsive behaviors,







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