Atrial fibrillation





Atrial fibrillation is a widespread disease and today there are several methods that have developed significantly during the past years and are still. It is expected that the coming years will witness developments in research and discovery of modern methods of treatment, especially in the field of surgical treatment of surgical removal of some cases. Atrial fibrillation is the condition in which very rapid and irregular electrical activity occurs in the right and left atria. In this case, the two muscles lose their ability to contract regularly due to very fast and irregular electrical activity. This arrhythmia stems, most likely, from the pulmonary veins, manifested by rapid and unorganized contractions up to 400 to 600 ppm.
The ventricular atrial node acts as a guard or concierge to prevent the passage of rapid electrical impulses to the ventricles. However, despite the effectiveness of this node, the reaction of the ventricles to atrial fibrillation is very rapid and irregular. Atrial fibrillation may be a transient seizure (with the possibility of recurrence and recurrence) or always and constant.

The symptoms of atrial fibrillation are as follows:





 Symptoms of atrial fibrillation differ from one patient to another depending on the patient's overall health status, especially the patient's heart condition, as well as the speed of the ventricular reaction. Atrial fibrillation may appear in many different forms, starting with cases that are not accompanied by any symptoms, the patient does not know the truth of his illness, although he has atrial fibrillation or not and is detected by the disease purely coincidence, through cases where the patient may complain of feeling irregular Pulse and throbbing which may indicate that there is a problem in the heart muscle and feel by the person Cartagav in the chest and ending in cases where the patient may suffer congestive heart failure pulmonary edema or fainting.




Fibrillation lasts a long time and can damage the functioning of the heart muscle if it is not treated quickly and cause a congestive failure in the work of the heart muscle, and cause, mainly, blood clots in the inside of the atrium affected by the back. These strokes can reach various parts of the body, including the brain arteries, which can cause a stroke in some cases. The risk of stroke in some patients with atrial fibrillation is 5 to 10 times higher than that of other patients who have not had the disease. The majority of these patients are under the age of 65 years and have no other heart disease or patients with high blood pressure and need to Permanent treatment and anticoagulants. Recent research has shown that anticoagulant treatment is much more important than a treatment that maintains a regular rhythm of heart rate and regular blood pressure that lasts too long and can affect the functioning of the heart and cause congestive failure in the cardiovascular system

Anticoagulant treatment in the majority of patients with permanent atrial fibrillation or in the form of seizures.
 Treatment with drugs inhibits dysfunction of the heart muscle system.
Evaluation of electrocardiogram (ECG) in the case of continuous seizures of atrial fibrillation that do not interfere with the normal treatment of drugs and antibiotics. In such a case, a procedure called "cardiac arrhythmia" may be used by electrocardiograms. This treatment is performed under anesthesia but for a short period of time A number of dakies are performed during which an electrical shock is directed to the chest, which helps to repair the heart muscle system in more than 90% of the cases. However, if the treatment to prevent coagulation is not feasible or feasible, Non  Presence of a blood clot in the atria, which may lead to complications Jtamh is the calendar in this way is safe and






successful procedure with to stop atrial fibrillation, but in most cases are added medications to prevent disturbances in the heart of the system, and to prevent the occurrence of atrial again.
Treatment with drugs that slow down the transfer of the ventricular atrial node, until the ventricular response to the atrial fibrillation is well controlled. Even if the fibrillation can not be controlled, after the failure of the above treatments, surgical intervention may be possible to remove the source of the defibrillator. Since most cases of fibrillation come from the veins of the lung, several methods of separation have been developed by catheters and lead to the separation of lung veins electrically. The success rate in this method is still lower than in the ventricular bypass cases. However, significant progress in this area in recent years bodes well for this approach in the near future.
 The process of maze There are few patients who can only be treated with surgery and the process of surgical maze includes a change in the structure of the atria in the manner of the injured and prevent the presence of fibrillation in them. This is one surgical operation.



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