Cholera Disease









Cholera
The cause of the disease is the bacteria called the infection of the body and transmitted by water or contaminated food.

 Is a serious infection of the bowel. This contamination is caused by eating food or water contaminated with cholera infection. The period of incubation of this microbial is very short, ranging from 7 days to 14 days, which then spills into the circulatory system and this is the risk.

If appropriate and appropriate treatment is not provided, one in 20 patients is at risk of severe cholera.

Which is a watery diarrhea that can not be controlled by the patient, low vomiting in the body temperature and cramps in the feet. In such acute cases, the symptoms may worsen to diarrhea, severe dryness, vomiting, muscle spasms accompanied by painful trauma and stop urination. Most cholera-infected bacteria do not develop symptoms at all, although there are bacteria in their bodies.





Symptoms and signs: -

Cooler body, cobblestone and spastic limbs.

Normal diarrhea turns into a heavy watery diarrhea and severe grayish color without fecal odor and the number of defecations may reach 30 times per day.

Vomiting may occur without noticeable nausea.

In cases where cholera is present, about 80% to 90% of the patients have only minor symptoms, while 20% of the patients have severe symptoms that can lead to death. Because of the cholera epidemic is the loss of body fluids by secretions of the intestine and by vomiting. In most cases, cholera usually begins abruptly without warning signs.

The breathing becomes superficial and fast, the pulse is fast and weak, and the patient feels very thirsty. The muscles of the abdomen and limbs are tight, and sometimes the muscle is torn. It is recommended to drink large amounts of fluid

The main risk here is the occurrence of dehydration that leads to death in all cases.









Treatment:

Isolation of the patient because the disease is infectious in a frightening way.

Fluid replacement is essential to combat drought in the case of cholera infection.

Antibiotics should be used to treat cholera.

protection :

Cleaning of water and food sources.

 Avoid contact with unknown water.

Continuous removal of waste and good washing of the hands of the germ is also native to the feces of the cholera.

Giving the vaccine that is given to travelers to the affected areas but gives a limited immunity and short term so it is recommended to take a supportive dose every 6 months for those who have to travel to those areas is infectious disease and also deadly.







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