Causes of measles: -

In most cases, the infection is transmitted by touching the fluid from the mouth, nose or eye of a person with the disease. A person infected with the rubella virus can transmit it to other people by talking to someone close to him or coughing or sneezing or sharing food or drink with others.

Symptoms of measles

Measles infection is generally transmitted from 5 days before onset of rash and 5-7 days after rash
Low body temperature.

A rash starts to appear on the face first and then spreads to the neck, chest and rest of the body.
In addition, women may also develop pain in the joints, and young people and adolescents may experience pain in the eyes, throat, and other parts of the body.
 The younger ones may have only a rash and bulges in the glands, especially the glands behind the ears and at the back of the head
Symptoms do not begin to appear sometimes only after 14 - 21 days of stay in the company of a person infected with the virus and may not show any symptoms at all and in some patients.

But anyone infected with this infection is able to transmit it to others.

Prevention of measles

People with previously vaccinated people may also have measles because the vaccine does not provide complete and absolute protection against the disease. The disease tends to appear mainly in military bases, schools, student stacks, and medical personnel in general, including individuals Medical teams that treat children in particular to provide direct contact with sick children.

The woman who intends to pregnancy and do not know if she has received a vaccine against measles or not should be confirmed by a blood test vaccination received a month before the start of conception fertilization and in most cases a person who has been infected with measles once did not get infected His life again.

Diagnosis of German measles

Diagnosis can be diagnosed by means of a blood test to determine whether the newly acquired disease has been caused by the German measles virus or not. The same test can also determine whether the patient has received a vaccine against the disease or the virus or not .

In some cases there may be a need for an examination of the antibodies of rubella. This examination confirms, definitively, whether the patient has had measles or not. But the results of this examination only appear after a few weeks.

Treatment of measles

The treatment of rubella is mainly concentrated in treating the symptoms of the disease. In order to reduce body temperature and relieve various aches in the body, medications can be taken. Aspirin is not allowed for people under the age of 20, because aspirin before the age of 20 is associated with Reye's syndrome, which is a very serious disease.

Pregnant women who have not received a vaccine against the disease should consult their doctor. The doctor may recommend immunoglobulin injection (IG-Immunoglobulin) if the pregnant woman has been exposed to the virus. This injection does not prevent the disease, but it may help relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of birth defects, although it does not provide complete and absolute protection from birth defects. There are cases where children with congenital malformations have been born even after injecting the syringe.