Umbilical hernia

فتق سري

This is a natural sign on Umbilical hernia, a condition that is very common but is not serious in some cases. It also occurs differently for adults.

A umbilical hernia occurs when a part of the intestine emerges or swells through a weak area of ​​the abdominal muscle.

In most cases, the umbilical hernia is closed on its own until the age of the year, but healing takes longer in about 10% of the cases. In cases where the hernia does not disappear automatically until the age of 4 years or when it appears at an advanced age it is necessary to correct it by surgery to prevent The occurrence of complications and surgery in this case are urgent necessities for re-routing the faulty.

Diagnosis of umbilical hernia

The secret hernia is diagnosed by physical examination first and to check for other complications. In some cases, it is necessary to conduct blood tests or various imaging tests such as abdominal ultrasound or x-ray imaging.

Symptoms of secret hernia

 It is possible to see the umbilical hernia in infants during crying or exert effort, for example. The bump may disappear when the child relaxes or lies on his back.

Hernia occurs a simple eruption or protrusion near the secret of the human patient and the diameter of the extrusion usually between one centimeter and five centimeters.

Hernia does not usually cause pain in children. The umbilical hernia, which appears in adults, may cause discomfort in the abdomen and can cause some pain, but it rarely occurs.

Complications are secret hernia

Complications of umbilical hernia in children are rare and in rare cases abdominal tissues may remain confined to the outside and fail to rush back into the abdominal cavity. As a result, the supply of blood decreases to the trapped portion, which can cause pain in the navel and damage tissue surrounding the swelling.

This condition of tissue blockage and intestinal obstruction is more common among adult patients and often requires urgent surgery for hernia, in order to treat these complications so as not to worsen the condition.

Treatment of umbilical hernia

In most cases, the umbilical hernia is automatically closed until the age of one year. In some cases, the doctor may push the incision back into the abdomen during physical examination.

Surgery is used only for children in cases where the umbilical hernia is large and causes pain or in the following cases:

Hernia does not disappear after the age of four
Increased hernia size after one or two years
The prolapse is blocked or caused by an intestinal obstruction
As for the elderly, it is recommended to adopt surgery in general to avoid the complications that occur, especially in cases where the size of the hernia or cause pain to the patient.

When a surgical operation is performed in the hernia, a small incision is opened at the base of the umbilicus. The resulting tissue is then returned to the abdominal cavity. The incision is then sewed and sealed to prevent it from erupting again. Most people can return home after a few hours of surgery This surgery is not serious and then return to normal life in two to four weeks depending on the patient's age and general health.

It is not easy and it is unlikely that the secret hernia will reappear if the surgery is performed properly.

Causes of umbilical hernia

One of the most common reasons for umbilical hernia during pregnancy is the umbilical cord through a small opening in the baby's abdominal muscle and closes this hole usually, before birth, but when not fully and full muscle in the middle line arises a weak area in the abdominal wall, At birth or later in the life of the child.

In adults, severe abdominal pressure may lead to umbilical hernia and may cause severe abdominal pressure:

Obesity - heavy lifting - cough - multiple pregnancies - abdominal fluid ascites.
Hernia is a very common condition among children, especially among low birth weight infants.

The main causes in adults for the occurrence of secret hernia are the most important reasons are obesity and multiple pregnancy.