Hyperprolactinemia











 prolactin is a hormone taken originally named because of its function to promote the production of milk for breast-feeding in mammals. Since then it has been shown that he has more than 300 posts in the body, these functions can be divided into a number of areas: reproductive health, metabolism, fluid regulation, ossoid pressure, immune regulation, behavioral functions









Prolactin is secreted in batches at an average of once every 95 minutes. And associated batch strength Hour secretion during the day. Particularly strong and dense impulses were observed during sleep, especially deep sleep. Prolonged amounts of prolactin can also be observed in stressful situations, during physical exertion, during general anesthesia, or during surgery. In general, men's prolactin levels are lower than in women, especially during the two weeks preceding the menstrual cycle.
In humans, prolactin is produced in the front of the pituitary gland, through the prolactin secrete cells that produce prolactin, to be stored in small containers called vesicles. It is then released into the blood by a process called eMAS (cell extrusion of its contents) Prolactin in a range of sites also like the uterus, immune cells, brain, breast, prostate, and skin.
The basic function of prolactin in humans is linked to the reproductive system. Prolactin in men plays a major role in maintaining healthy levels of testosterone, a key hormone in men's sexual ability and semen production. Therefore, we see that some men who have hyper prolactin blood suffer from lack of sexual desire (Libido - rumen) to the degree of difficult to get an erection.









Diagnosis and treatment of high milk hormone The diagnosis of prolactin hormone is based on the patient's individual symptoms and history. The blood test is used to detect excess prolactin hormone. More tests are usually done to check the levels of the thyroid hormone in the blood, and the doctors will make sure there is no pregnancy or Use of the leading drugs, as well as magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and pituitary gland.



Treatment may be according to the main cause, depending on several factors, including the age of the patient, previous medical history, and general health, and may recommend a variety of different treatment options, often the best course of treatment is to monitor the symptoms over time without intervention unless the situation worsened, and Sometimes surgical interventions are needed in the event of a tumor in the pituitary region, and in specific cases, drug therapy can be used to control the symptoms.









The level of prolactin in the blood of pregnant women is high from the beginning of pregnancy, and may even be up to ten times the pre-pregnancy level. After delivery, the level of prolactin decreases in the blood, but every time the mother breastfeeds her son, the hormone level rises to about eight times the normal level, due to the normal state, after two to three hours of completion of the feeding.








The secretion of prolactin from the pituitary gland is controlled by several factors, but the most important of these factors is the hormone Dopamine (Dopamine) secreted in a specific area of ​​the brain. His job is inhibiting the secretion of prolactin and maintain the proper level. In some cases, such as hypothyroidism, there is an excessive secretion of thyroid hormone-releasing hormone (TRH) from the brain, which leads to a significant increase in prolactin secretion and causes hyperprolactinemia. This affects, and disrupts, all the processes in which prolactin plays a role. Therefore, there is a need to treat thyroid to balance the levels of prolactin.












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