Diabetes or diabetes is a chronic disease caused by the inability of the pancreas gland to produce sufficient amount of insulin or when the body can not use the insulin produced by the required form, and insulin is the hormone regulating the blood sugar, and the incidence of high sugar without control leads Damage to many body organs in the long run, especially in the nerves and blood vessels.

When beta cells in the pancreas become damaged, the amount of insulin secreted gradually decreases, and this process continues for many years.

If this condition is associated with insulin resistance, the combination of a small amount of insulin and a low level of efficacy leads to a deviation from the proper level of glucose (sugar) in the blood, in which case the person is defined as having diabetes.

It is known that the proper level of sugar in the blood after the fasting of eight hours should be less than 108 mg / dl, while the border level is 126 mg / dl. If a person's blood glucose level is 126 mg / dl and above, in two or more tests, he or she is diagnosed with diabetes.

Types of diabetes

 Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes is known as insulin-dependent diabetes, which starts at the onset of youth or childhood, and is characterized by the lack of insulin production. This requires daily insulin use, and there are no means of prevention so far. The symptoms of diabetes are excessive urination, Thirst, persistent hunger, weight loss, visual disturbances, and feeling tired.

Type II diabetes is known as insulin-dependent diabetes, which appears at the onset of adulthood due to the inability of the body to use insulin effectively; it often occurs as a result of obesity and physical laziness, and the symptoms of diabetes are the same symptoms of diabetes, But it is often less clear, which is not known diagnosis of diabetes of this type after the occurrence of complications often.

Gestational diabetes

 Is a hyperglycemia in which the rate of glucose above the normal rate without reaching the rate required to diagnose diabetes occurs during pregnancy, and women who are pregnant with diabetes are more at risk of complications of pregnancy and childbirth than others, and they and their children increase their probability Type II diabetes in the future, gestational diabetes is diagnosed by prenatal screening, not by the previously mentioned symptoms.

 Monitor the concentration of glucose (sugar) in the blood

Controlling the concentration of glucose in the blood, especially in the morning, is important and usually gives us information about balancing the disease in those patients. Doctors are also interested in these recordings to determine appropriate treatment for patients and the need to add other drugs to better balance the disease.

In addition to direct treatment to reduce the concentration of glucose in the blood there is no less important treatment, which means reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, which includes:

Minimize smoking as much as possible. Sometimes there are organized group sessions where doctors are advised to help quit smoking:
Treatment of hypertension
Treatment of hyperlipidemia
Treatment with aspirin
As mentioned before, living healthy and healthy in terms of food and sports.

Prevention of diabetes

 Avoid obesity and low weight down to healthy weight. Exercise regularly; it promotes blood flow in the body, reduces blood sugar, and promotes metabolism. Stay away from hydrogenated fats in fried and processed foods; reduce the ability of the body to absorb the protein, and then reduce the secretion of insulin in the body, which increases the rate of sugar in the blood. Stay away from excessive sugars and sweeteners; they prevent the production of insulin, and can replace these sweets with fruit. Keep away from carbohydrate-rich foods such as white rice, pasta and flour. These complex carbohydrates can be replaced with other fiber-rich carbohydrates, such as oats and whole grains. Stay away from smoking; it increases the risk of diabetes due to its impact on the heart, and blood vessels.