Muscle spasm causes and how it is treated

Muscle spasm causes and how it is treated

Muscle spasm is a common problem, which is an involuntary constriction of one or more muscles in the body. This may cause stiffness. Muscle spasm is a sudden and painful event that reflects an involuntary contraction of one or more muscles. Pain can appear during rest, may cause wake-up or appear during physical activity and cause difficulty in performing this task. Muscle spasm may occur after physical activity,

especially in hot weather. This condition is not serious and the patient can be helped by means available at home without the need for medical help
 The spasms often occur after exerting effort in the exercise without the preparation of the body prior to warm and adequate and known as this cramping convulsive effort, caused by lactic acid gathered in the muscle and continue these convulsions from a few seconds to several minutes

Causes and causes of muscle spasm

The most important causes of muscle spasm are excessive muscle use, strenuous activity, or even just staying in the same position for a long time. The risk of muscle spasm is exacerbated by drought and hot weather. For the cramping of the limb muscles at night, especially the leg muscles, although they are common, they are not directly related to the strenuous activity.

There are a number of medical conditions that cause muscle spasm and it is important to diagnose them:

Pressure on the nerve - pressure usually occurs at the nerve exit point of the pelvic spinal cord, causing pain similar to cramping in the legs. The pain is persistent all the time, and can also be exacerbated during walking or activity, and can be affected by changes in the back.

 Lack of blood supply - Narrowing blood vessels that supply blood to the limbs leads to the lack of blood needed by the muscles during exercise. This deficiency is immediately reflected in severe pain, which disappears after a period of sufficient rest and during which the muscle requirements for energy shrink. Thus, the muscles get rest after enough blood. This disorder is called intermittent caludication, a sign of narrowing of the blood vessels in the body.

Treatment of muscle spasm when muscle spasms There are many things that can be done to help relieve them, such as massage, stretching, or muscle icing, or raising the temperature, or taking a bath with Epsom salt, and when massage is advised not to focus on the muscle Because it may make things worse.

There are other ways to prevent and treat muscle spasm, including:

 In many cases of cramping, it is not known what is the real cause, but there are things that can be done to reduce the risk of muscle spasms, including eating a small amount of food before any physical effort, and prefer to eat foods that provide the body.

Eat more foods rich in vitamins, magnesium and calcium. Maintain body moisture by drinking fluids in sufficient quantities, especially water. Do well stretching exercises before exercising. Taking vitamin, calcium and magnesium supplements, especially for pregnant women, requires twice as much during pregnancy. In most cases, self-care measures are sufficient to deal with muscle spasms. They may help remove them within a few minutes, but if you return frequently or for no apparent reason or if it lasts longer than usual, you should talk to your doctor or review immediately, It may refer to a health problem that requires treatment and medical intervention.